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Sunday, July 26, 2020 | History

1 edition of Sirex woodwasps--Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera, Siricidae) found in the catalog.

Sirex woodwasps--Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera, Siricidae)

by Dennis A. Haugen

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Published by USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry, Northeastern Area in [Newtown Square, Pa .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Sirex noctilio

  • Edition Notes

    Statement[authors, Dennis A. Haugen, E. Richard Hoebeke]
    SeriesPest alert, NA-PR -- 07-05, Pest alert, NA-PR -- 07-05.
    ContributionsHoebeke, E. Richard, United States. State and Private Forestry. Northeastern Area
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 sheet :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL26467607M
    OCLC/WorldCa312165294

      Sirex woodwasp—Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) is an invasive insect that attacks pine species, including Scots Pine and Red Pine. It was found in Oswego County in and since then has spread throughout much of New York State. In its native range of Eurasia and North Africa, si. data from FIA were used. In places where Sirex noctilio currently exists, dense areas are attacked while thinned areas within the same stand are not. Therefore, total BA for host species were used to assign a risk value from 0 - 10 to each 1 km2 pixel. Total BA was used to assign an attack value to each pixel as shown in Table 3.

    The Sirex woodwasp (Sirex noctilio) is native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. Adults lay eggs in the tree’s xylem tissue, and larvae bore holes in the wood while feeding on fungus provided by the adult. Larvae can spend up to two years inside the tree. The Sirex woodwasp attacks conifers.   Sirex noctilio Fabricius has a long history as an invasive insect species in pine plantations throughout the Southern Hemisphere and has been recently discovered in North America, where it is uncertain how this insect will behave in pine ecosystems. To assess the impact and attack behavior of S. noctilio, forest surveys and measurements from attacked Cited by:

    Sirex Woodwasp Sirex noctilio Description Sirex Woodwasps normally grow 1 to inches with a sharp tail end. The larvae are observed to have a primitive dark line along the spine and are legless. Adult wasps have black to bluish abdomens, with males containing an orange hinge. Males also have black hind legs. Most sexes have light red legs. In addition, Sirex . Sirex noctilio Sirex woodwasp (Sirex noctilio) is a large robust wasp, or horntail, that is native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa—where it is generally considered to be a secondary pest. The first North American discovery of S. noctilio was in in Fulton, NY.


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Sirex woodwasps--Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera, Siricidae) by Dennis A. Haugen Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, is the most important invasive alien insect pest of Pinus plantations in the Southern Hemisphere. It now also threatens pines in North America.

This book brings together the worldwide knowledge of researchers from Universities and Government institutions, as well as forest industry practitioners that have worked on the cturer: Springer. The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, is the most important invasive alien insect pest of Pinus plantations in the Southern Hemisphere.

It now also threatens pines in North America. This book brings together the worldwide knowledge of researchers from Universities and Government institutions, as well as forest industry practitioners that have worked on the : Bernard Slippers.

The Sirex woodwasps--Sirex noctilio F. book woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, is the most important invasive alien insect pest of Pinus plantations in the Southern Hemisphere.

It now also threatens pines in North America. This book brings together the worldwide knowledge of researchers from Universities and Government institutions, as well as forest industry practitioners that have worked on the Author: Bernard Slippers.

The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, is the most important invasive alien insect pest of Pinus plantations in the Southern Hemisphere. It now also threatens pines in North America. This book brings together the worldwide knowledge of researchers from Universities and Government institutions, as well.

Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae), a borer, is considered a potential major pest of pines in the United States, especially in the South.

The woodwasp, a native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa, was inadvertently introduced into New Zealand, Australia, Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and South Africa. Abstract. The European woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, was first found in New Zealand inbut was not recognized as a pest until the late s after deaths of pines in overcrowded plantations were attributed to e the successful introduction of a parasitoid from Europe as a control measure, damage became more prevalent between and Cited by: French Common name: Grand hylésine des pins Scientific name: Sirex noctilio Order: Hymenoptera Family: Siricidae The Sirex Woodwasp (SWW; Sirex noctilio), native to Eurasia and Africa, was likely introduced to North America through wood packing material.

The first detection of SWW was in the state of New York close to Lake Ontario in (Hoebeke et al. The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, is the most important invasive alien insect pest of Pinus plantations in the Southern Hemisphere. It now also threatens pines in North America.

This book brings together the worldwide knowledge of researchers from Universities and Government institutions, as well as forest industry practitioners that have. Sirex noctilio attacks primarily pines, but on occasion it will infest other conifers such as Abies (fir) and Picea (spruce).

In its native range (Europe, Asia, and northern Africa), it attacks Scotch (Pinus sylvestris), Austrian (P. nigra), and maritime (P.

pinaster) pines. The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio: Ecology, Potential Impact, and Management in the Southeastern U.S. The Sirex woodwasp (Sirex noctilioF.) is a large, non-stinging wasp that colonizes and kills stressed pine trees. Sirex woodwasp—Sirex noctilio F.

(Hymenoptera: Siricidae) Sirex woodwasp has been the most common species of exotic woodwasp detected at United States ports-of-entry associated with solid wood packing materials.

Recent detections of sirex woodwasp outside of port areas in the United States have. The book covers all aspects of the biology and management of S. noctilio, including aspects of the insects’ taxonomy, general life history, host-plant relationships, population dynamics, chemical ecology and symbiosis with the fungus Amylostereum : Springer Netherlands.

The woodwasp Sirex noctilio Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Siricidae), a pest of Pinus species, now established in South Africa.

African Entomology. 3 (2), Wermelinger B, Rigling A, Mathis D S, Dobbertin M, Assessing the role of bark- and wood-boring insects in the decline of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) in the Swiss Rhone valley.

As discussed elsewhere in this book, Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) is a woodwasp native to Europe and northern Africa (Spradberry & Kirk ). “Sirex Woodwasp.” New York Invasive Species Information. Cornell University, APHIS.

Proposed Program for the Control of the Woodwasp Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) in the Northeastern United States. Riverdale, Md.: USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

The woodwasp Sirex noctilio (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) has been an extremely successful invader, spreading from its native range in Europe and North Africa to the non‐native pine plantations of the Southern Hemisphere, the natural pine forests of northeastern North America, and most recently to China (Li et al., ; Slippers, de Cited by: 1.

The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, and its fungal mutualist, Amylostereum areolatum, together constitute one of the most damaging invasive pests of pine. Despite a century of research and.

establishment of the Sirex woodwasp Sirex noctilio. The utility of these traps, however, is limited in areas with low wasp populations due to the reliance on a plant volatile (kairomone) lure in the absence of an identified pheromone.

Knowledge of the optimal trap type and deployment strategy is also lacking. Sirex noctilio, the Sirex woodwasp, is native to Europe, Asia, and northern insect was first found in North America inand current populations are confined to northeastern North America.

Adult males are black with an orange stripe, while females are a dark blue. Host use patterns by the European woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in its native and invaded range. Public Library of Science One, 9: e Beirne, B.P.

Biological control attempts by introductions against pest insects in the field in Canada. The female woodwasp Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) (Sirex) injects a mucus-associated toxic venom and symbiotic fungus into species of Pinus, which kills the trees, leading to tremendous economic study has uncovered the proteomes of venom and sac tissue of S.

noctilio and elucidated important biological pathways, based on which interaction Cited by: Buy The Sirex Woodwasp and Its Fungal Symbiont () (): Research and Management of a Worldwide Invasive Pest: NHBS - Bernard Slippers, Peter de Groot, Michael John Wingfield, Springer NaturePrice Range: £ - £  Sirex noctilio, known as the “Sirex woodwasp” or “European woodwasp” (sometimes spelled “wood wasp”), is an invasive species that attacks most species of pine stingly, the insect is dependent upon the fungus Amylostereum aerolatum to complete its life cycle.

The Sirex woodwasp carries the fungus with it to new trees and in return the fungus becomes a meal for the Sirex.